Ativan (Lorazepam) is a drug that belongs to the group of benzodiazepine derivatives.
Form and Composition
Ativan is available in the form of tablets, with a dosage of 1, 2 and 5 mg. The AI (active ingredient) of this medicine is Lorazepam. Based on its instructions, Lorazepam is used to manage:
- Psychoreactive states;
- Extreme emotional stress and anxiety;
- Schizophrenia; Psychosomatic disorders;
- Insomnia triggered by stress and anxiety;
- Status Epilepticus (with complex treatment);
- Panic disorders;
- Alcohol delirium (with combined therapy).
- Depression with anxiety;
- Headache caused by muscle tension;
- Manic and catatonic states;
- Neurosis-like conditions and neuroses accompanied by tension and anxiety;
- Nausea and vomiting provoked by chemotherapy.
Also, the drug can be used before diagnostic examinations and surgical interventions (as a remedy for relieving mental stress).
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Contraindications for Usage
The use of Lorazepam according to the instruction leaflet attached to the drug is contraindicated when the patient experiences the following:
- Increased sensitivity to the drug;
- Acute intoxication;
- Closed-angle glaucoma;
- Depressive neuroses;
- Myasthenia gravis;
Also, the drug is banned for use by children under the age of 12 years. With extreme caution the medication is prescribed for:
- Liver disorders;
- Heart failure;
- Cerebral sclerosis;
- Reduced body weight.
Methods of application and dosage
Based on the instructions for Ativan pills are taken orally, the dose and frequency of admission is strictly individual. Depending on the manifestations of the disease, the dosage of the medicament can vary from 1 to 10 mg per day, taken in 2-3 doses. In the treatment of neurologic lesions, usually 2-3 mg per day is prescribed, for the treatment of mental illnesses – 6-10 mg per day, divided into three doses.
For premedication, the drug is used at a dosage of 2 mg an hour before surgery or diagnostic procedures. With insomnia, the use of Lorazepam is effective for half an hour before sleep at a dose of 1-2 mg, the same initial dose per day is prescribed for elderly patients.
According to the people who used the drug, treatment with Lorazepam can lead to diarrhea, nausea, dry mouth, vomiting, constipation, muscle weakness, headaches, skin rash and itching, low blood pressure, increased fatigue, changes in blood composition, drowsiness, memory disorders, depression, problems with concentration of attention, confusion. In elderly patients, side effects are more frequent and more pronounced.
When observing such symptoms, you need to consult your doctor urgently.
When there is an overdose of the drug, the patient may develop hypotension, ataxia, coma, hypnotic state, as well as death.
When using Lorazepam for a long course of therapy drug dependence may occur. It is not recommended to abruptly discontinue the use of lorazepam to prevent the development of withdrawal syndrome, manifested in convulsions, tremor, sweating, vomiting. If you stop the drug use, it should be done by gradually reducing its dosage. With prolonged use of the drug, it is necessary to monitor the activity of the kidneys and liver, as well as blood tests. During the therapy with this drug it is not recommended to drive vehicles. When using Lorazepam in combination with general and local anesthetics and narcotic analgesics, their effect is enhanced. During treatment, it is necessary to refrain from consuming beverages and medicines containing ethanol.