Major Depression Disorder (Clinical Depression)
What does it mean?
A sure sign of major depression also known as clinical depression is expressed through constant feelings of despair and worthlessness.
This condition has the potential to influence your life and the ability to perform daily tasks in a negative way. Episodes of clinical depression can be experienced one or more times during one’s life.
Genetics can play an important role here, as signs of depression may take place in families with a history of depression, but this is not always the case.
Symptoms related to clinical depression
The list of symptoms for episodes of clinical depression consists of:
- General unhappiness with bursts of crying, worthlessness or despair
- Feelings of anger or frustration that can be triggered even by small matters
- Lack of interest and enthusiasm for daily tasks, hobbies or other activities
- Problems getting enough sleep or having too much sleep
- Excessive fatigue and lack of energy that makes it hard to perform even small tasks
- Appetite alterations which result in gaining or losing weight
- Nervousness, anxiety or agitation
- Slowed movements, lazy behavior or being excessively talkative and agitated
- Feelings of insignificance or remorse
- Finding it hard to express thought or having trouble concentrating
- Recurring thoughts about suicide or actual attempts
- Chronic pains and frequent headaches
These symptoms usually interfere with daily activities and prevent people from enjoying all the things that brought pleasure in the past. Work, school, or relationships may be difficult to go through with this condition.
Basically, there are no age groups that are entirely safe from the risk of being diagnosed with clinical depression. However, effective medical treatment plans and psychological help are able to improve the health condition.
Causes of clinical depression
The common causes of clinical depression are:
- Loss of close people, separation or divorce
- Loneliness or social isolation
- Significant changes in life, such as job change, graduation or retirement
- Problems related to personal relationships
- Mistreatment of physical or emotional nature
First of all, there is a need for a primary health examination by your doctor or a psychiatrist. A medical evaluation has to be done in order to rule out any other conditions that may provoke similar symptoms. A psychiatrist has all the tools needed to examine your mental state and later create a treatment plan, if needed.
It is impossible to diagnose clinical depression based on the results of x-rays, blood tests or other diagnostic measures of that kind. These are important to exclude any other health issues that may be somehow related to your condition. It is knows that hypothyroidism is known to provoke symptoms similar to those of a clinical depression. Certain medication or substances abuse may also result in similar symptoms.
Treatment methods and solutions
Despite the seriousness of this illness, it can be successfully treated. Even though very much depends on the intensity of symptoms, the treatment plan usually includes antidepressants. Other recommendations may include “talk therapy” or psychotherapy.
Antidepressants are prescribed in combination with other medicine for an increased effect of the treatment plan. Only a specialist in the field can create an individual plan and sort out which medicine will work the best. The best results will come once the best combination of medicine will be put together.
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In case that the traditional methods prove to be ineffective, the patient might be recommended to go through electroconvulsive therapy or ECT. Through brain stimulation with small electric currents can be achieved impressive results.
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It is important to remember that episodes of clinical depression may happen again in the future. Knowing the causes is good for prevention of such episodes. Making certain changes to your lifestyle are really vital, as well as taking the medicine prescribed by your doctor. Identifying the symptoms of clinical depression at an early stage and seeing a doctor as soon as possible are key elements for a healthy life without depression.